Role of Specialized Nutrition & critical nutrients in Pregnancy

Role of Specialized Nutrition and critical nutrients in Pregnancy Dr. Abha Majumdar IVF Specialist. During pregnancy, specialized nutrition and critical nutrients play a vital role in supporting the health and development of both the mother and the growing fetus. While protein is important, there are several other nutrients that are essential for a healthy pregnancy. Here are some key nutrients and their roles: Folic Acid: Folic acid, also known as folate, is crucial for the development of the baby's neural tube, which eventually forms the brain and spinal cord. Adequate folic acid intake before and during early pregnancy can help prevent neural tube defects. Good sources of folic acid include leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, beans, and fortified grains Iron: Iron is essential for the production of red blood cells and to prevent iron-deficiency anemia in both the mother and the baby. It supports the transport of oxygen to the developing fetus and helps in th

PCOS: Overview from Adolescence to Midlife

  PCOS: Overview from Adolescence to Midlife Incidence of PCOS in women in the reproductive age group is between 5 to 15%. In women presenting with infertility the incidence is about 30% and of all women attending gynecological clinics with irregular menstruation along with oligo/anovulation, more than 90% have PCOS. It is important to set proper criteria to diagnose PCOS with certainty so that the health risk of these women can be assessed and follow-up plans instituted. With a better understanding of the condition, the criteria for diagnosis of PCOS have been changing from time to time. The NIH/NICHD consensus conference defined this symptom complex in 1990, the Rotterdam PCOS consensus group redefined it in 2003 and the androgen excess PCOS Society again defined it in 2006. However, the emphasis remained to classify PCOS in a way that the high-health-risk group could be identified from the lower-health-risk group so that more vigorous follow-up and management could be assigned to